Stereochemistry of C18 Monounsaturated Cork Suberin Acids Determined by Spectroscopic Techniques Including 1H-NMR Multiplet Analysis of Olefinic Protons

Authors

  • Sara Santos,

    Corresponding author
    1. Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Centro de Estudos Florestais, Lisboa, Portugal
    • Correspondence to: Sara Santos, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Centro de Estudos Florestais, 1349–017 Lisboa, Portugal.

      E-mail: sarasantos@isa.utl.pt

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  • José Graça

    1. Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Centro de Estudos Florestais, Lisboa, Portugal
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ABSTRACT

Introduction

Suberin is a biopolyester responsible for the protection of secondary plant tissues, and yet its molecular structure remains unknown. The C18:1 ω-hydroxyacid and the C18:1 α,ω-diacid are major monomers in the suberin structure, but the configuration of the double bond remains to be elucidated.

Objective

To unequivocally define the configuration of the C18:1 suberin acids.

Methods

Pure C18:1 ω-hydroxyacid and C18:1 α,ω-diacid, isolated from cork suberin, and two structurally very close C18:1 model compounds of known stereochemistry, methyl oleate and methyl elaidate, were analysed by NMR spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy, and GC–MS.

Results

The GC–MS analysis showed that both acids were present in cork suberin as only one geometric isomer. The analysis of dimethyloxazoline (DMOX) and picolinyl derivatives proved the double bond position to be at C–9. The FTIR spectra were concordant with a cis-configuration for both suberin acids, but their unambiguous stereochemical assignment came from the NMR analysis: (i) the chemical shifts of the allylic 13C carbons were shielded comparatively to the trans model compound, and (ii) the complex multiplets of the olefinic protons could be simulated only with 3JHH and long-range 4JHH coupling constants typical of a cis geometry.

Conclusion

The two C18:1 suberin acids in cork are (Z)-18-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoic acid and (Z)-octadec-9-enedoic acid. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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