Rapid Separation of Free Fatty Acids in Vegetable Oils by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis
Olive oil is a very important product to human health since it inhibits formation of free radicals, tumour growth, lesions and inflammatory substances. High concentrations of free fatty acids in olive oils results in lipid deterioration due to oxidative or hydrolytic rancidity.
To optimise an alternative capillary zone electrophoresis methodology, under ultraviolet indirect detection and to determine free fatty acids in edible vegetable oils without derivatisation steps in sample preparation.
The condition used consisted of 15 mm NaH2PO4–Na2HPO4 at pH ~6.86, 4.0 mm of sodium dodecybenzenesulphonate, 8.3 mm of Brij 35®, 45% v/v of acetonitrile and 2.1% of 1-octanol, injection at 12.0 mbar of pressure for 4 s, +19 kV of applied voltage and indirect detection at 224 nm, within an analysis time of 11 min.
The capillary zone electrophoresis method was successfully applied to determination of free fatty acids in extra virgin olive oil, virgin olive oil and soybean oil samples. The comparison with the official volumetric titration method showed no significant difference within the 95% confidence interval.
The main advantage to the proposed method is the possibility to observe the individual amount of the free fatty acids, which would be useful for researchers interested in studying the effect of the free fatty acids profile on oxidative process in food. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.