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Keywords:

  • NIR spectroscopy;
  • non-destructive analysis;
  • quantification;
  • curcuminoids;
  • turmeric

ABSTRACT

Introduction

Turmeric has been widely used in curry powders as the main spice. Conventional chemical analysis such as high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) may take several hours to extract curcuminoids and prepare samples in many turmeric processing industries.

Objective

This study was conducted to evaluate curcuminoids in turmeric powder using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS).

Methods

All spectral acquisition ranged from 1100 to 2500 nm and a chemometrics analysis using partial least-squares (PLS) regression was performed to quantify the contents of individual curcuminoids. The HPLC was carried out (n = 129) to develop a PLS model based on the reference values.

Results

High correlation coefficient (R2 > 0.93) and low standard error of cross-validation (SECV < 0.20 g/100 g) and standard error of prediction (SEP < 0.13 g/100 g) values were obtained for precision and accuracy. In addition, the ratio of prediction to deviation (RPD > 2.65) values was also calculated.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that NIRS could be utilised as a control procedure or as an alternative rapid and effective quantification method. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.