Presented at the 14th Meeting of the International Society of Prenatal Diagnosis, Vancouver, June 1–4, 2008
First-trimester contingent screening for Down syndrome can reduce the number of nuchal translucency measurements required†
Article first published online: 18 DEC 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Special Issue: ISPD Meeting Issue Selected papers from the 14th International Conference on Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy June 1-4, 2008, Vancouver, Canada
Volume 29, Issue 1, pages 79–82, January 2009
How to Cite
Vadiveloo, T., Crossley, J. A. and Aitken, D. A. (2009), First-trimester contingent screening for Down syndrome can reduce the number of nuchal translucency measurements required. Prenat. Diagn., 29: 79–82. doi: 10.1002/pd.2185
- Issue published online: 28 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 18 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 NOV 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 7 NOV 2008
- Manuscript Received: 26 JUN 2008
- prenatal screening;
- Down syndrome;
- serum markers;
- nuchal translucency;
- first trimester
To assess the performance of a two-stage screening protocol for Down syndrome based on initial serum marker analysis for all women and nuchal translucency (NT) measurement only in women with intermediate risks.
Biochemical marker and NT data in 10 189 women who had had combined ultrasound and biochemical (CUB) screening, were re-analysed using the contingent model. A risk was calculated from the results of the pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free β human chorionic gonadotrophin (FβhCG) measurements and maternal age. For risks between 1 in 42 and 1 in 1000, the likelihood ratio from the NT measurement was incorporated and assessed against a final cut-off risk of 1 in 250.
A total of 3.1% unaffected and 61.4% Down syndrome pregnancies had risks ≥ 1: 42. In women with risks < 1 in 42 and > 1 in 1000 (29%), a further 2.7% unaffected pregnancies and 27.3% Down syndrome pregnancies had risks above 1 in 250 when NT was incorporated. Overall detection rate was 88.6%, and false positive rate 5.8% (compared with 90.9% and 6.4% for CUB screening). NT measurements were required in 29% of women.
Within first-trimester, contingent screening provides good sensitivity and specificity with the potential for considerable saving in ultrasound resources. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.