Isolated pericardial effusion in the human fetus: a report of three cases
Article first published online: 3 FEB 2003
Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 193–197, March 2003
How to Cite
Azancot, A., Diehl, R., Dorgeret, S., Sebag, G., Baumann, C., Vuillard, E., Machado, L., Luton, D. and Oury, J. F. (2003), Isolated pericardial effusion in the human fetus: a report of three cases. Prenat. Diagn., 23: 193–197. doi: 10.1002/pd.563
- Issue published online: 3 FEB 2003
- Article first published online: 3 FEB 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 NOV 2002
- Manuscript Revised: 22 NOV 2002
- Manuscript Received: 3 JUL 2002
- prenatal diagnosis;
- fetal pericardial effusion;
- Down syndrome;
- myeloproliferative disorder;
- idiopathic infantile arterial calcification
Our objective was to determine the possible underlying etiologies and outcome in isolated fetal pericardial effusion.
Doppler fetal echocardiography allowed the diagnosis of pericardial effusion in three patients and revealed the etiology in two.
We present the findings in three cases of isolated pericardial effusion. In the first, the pericardial effusion was a manifestation of trisomy 21 associated with a myeloproliferative disorder. In the second, the pericardial fluid collection was the first sign of an autosomal recessive disease, idiopathic infantile arterial calcification.The third case was remarkable because of the spontaneous resolution of a large pericardial fluid collection.
Isolated fetal pericardial effusion covers a wide spectrum of etiologies from severe genetic and chromosomal diseases to transient forms. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.