Proprietary Interest Statement: None of the authors has a commercial or financial interest whatsoever in any point mentioned in the paper.
Article first published online: 11 JUL 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume 15, Issue 9, pages 662–666, September 2006
How to Cite
Krummenauer, F., Kurz, S. and Dick, H. B. (2006), Retracted: Epidemiological evaluation of intraoperative antibiosis as a protective agent against endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. Pharmacoepidem. Drug Safe., 15: 662–666. doi: 10.1002/pds.1165
No conflict of interest was declared.
Congress Presentations: At the 47th meeting of the German Society for Medical Biometry, Epidemiology and Informatics GMDS, Berlin, Germany, September 2002.
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 11 JUL 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 4 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Received: 4 AUG 2004
Vol. 22, Issue 2, 221, Article first published online: 5 FEB 2013
- cataract surgery;
- antibiotic prophylaxis
To evaluate risk factors for endophthalmitis after cataract surgery and to retest recent findings on the protective effect of intraoperative antibiosis and the promoting effect of the clear corneal as compared to sclerocorneal incision.
Five hundred thirty-eight ophthalmosurgical centers in Germany.
Main Outcome Measure
Responder specific endophthalmitis incidence.
A total of 310 (58%) questionnaires were computed resulting in an overall count of 404 356 cataract surgeries and 291 self-reported endophthalmitis cases (crude rate 0.072%). The risk of postoperative endophthalmitis for sclerocorneal versus clear corneal incisions was not significantly reduced (relative risk 0.97, 99% confidence interval 0.69–1.38). The hypothesis of a protective effect of intraocular antibiosis could be confirmed by a significantly decreased risk ratio of 0.69 (99% confidence interval 0.48–0.99) indicating a significant benefit from intraoperative intraocular antibiosis. A similar tendency was observed for an intraoperative periocular antibiosis with a significantly reduced risk ratio of 0.68 (99% confidence interval 0.49–0.96). These risk estimates had been adjusted for the size of the surgical center: a significantly reduced risk ratio of 0.70 (99% confidence interval 0.49–0.98) for postoperative endophthalmitis was observed for local centers.
Whereas this 2001 appraisal of a survey in 1996 could not reproduce the benefit of sclerocorneal incision, the protective effect of intraoperative intraocular antibiotic prophylaxis could be confirmed. However, the results of this survey have to be interpreted with care, since it is not based on individual case information, but rather on aggregate questionnaire data. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.