Data mining on electronic health record databases for signal detection in pharmacovigilance: which events to monitor?
Article first published online: 15 SEP 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Volume 18, Issue 12, pages 1176–1184, December 2009
How to Cite
Trifirò, G., Pariente, A., Coloma, P. M., Kors, J. A., Polimeni, G., Miremont-Salamé, G., Catania, M. A., Salvo, F., David, A., Moore, N., Caputi, A. P., Sturkenboom, M., Molokhia, M., Hippisley-Cox, J., Acedo, C. D., van der Lei, J. and Fourrier-Reglat, A. (2009), Data mining on electronic health record databases for signal detection in pharmacovigilance: which events to monitor?. Pharmacoepidem. Drug Safe., 18: 1176–1184. doi: 10.1002/pds.1836
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2009
- Article first published online: 15 SEP 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 8 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Received: 27 FEB 2009
- adverse event;
- data mining;
- drug safety;
- signal detection
Data mining on electronic health records (EHRs) has emerged as a promising complementary method for post-marketing drug safety surveillance. The EU-ADR project, funded by the European Commission, is developing techniques that allow mining of EHRs for adverse drug events across different countries in Europe. Since mining on all possible events was considered to unduly increase the number of spurious signals, we wanted to create a ranked list of high-priority events.
Scientific literature, medical textbooks, and websites of regulatory agencies were reviewed to create a preliminary list of events that are deemed important in pharmacovigilance. Two teams of pharmacovigilance experts independently rated each event on five criteria: ‘trigger for drug withdrawal’, ‘trigger for black box warning’, ‘leading to emergency department visit or hospital admission’, ‘probability of event to be drug-related’, and ‘likelihood of death’. In case of disagreement, a consensus score was obtained. Ordinal scales between 0 and 3 were used for rating the criteria, and an overall score was computed to rank the events.
An initial list comprising 23 adverse events was identified. After rating all the events and calculation of overall scores, a ranked list was established. The top-ranking events were: cutaneous bullous eruptions, acute renal failure, anaphylactic shock, acute myocardial infarction, and rhabdomyolysis.
A ranked list of 23 adverse drug events judged as important in pharmacovigilance was created to permit focused data mining. The list will need to be updated periodically as knowledge on drug safety evolves and new issues in drug safety arise. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.