• 1
    Delerme S, Ray P. Acute respiratory failure in the elderly: diagnosis and prognosis. Age Ageing 2008; 37: 251257.
  • 2
    Roussos C, Koutsoukou A. Respiratory failure. Eur Respir J Suppl 2003; 47: 3s14s.
  • 3
    Markou NK, Myrianthefs PM, Baltopoulos GJ. Respiratory failure: an overview. Crit Care Nurs Q 2004; 27: 353379.
  • 4
    Behrendt CE. Acute respiratory failure in the United States: incidence and 31-day survival. Chest 2000; 118: 11001105.
  • 5
    Lewandowski K, Metz J, Deutschmann C, et al. Incidence, severity, and mortality of acute respiratory failure in Berlin, Germany. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1995; 151: 11211125.
  • 6
    Luhr OR, Antonsen K, Karlsson M, et al. Incidence and mortality after acute respiratory failure and acute respiratory distress syndrome in Sweden, Denmark, and Iceland. The ARF Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999; 159: 18491861.
  • 7
    Carnahan RM, Moores KG. Mini-Sentinel's systematic reviews of validated methods for identifying health outcomes using administrative data: methods and lessons learned. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2012; 21(S1): 8289.
  • 8
    Wu CL, Anderson GF, Herbert R, Lietman SA, Fleisher LA. Effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on morbidity and mortality after total hip replacement surgery in Medicare patients. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2003; 28: 271278.
  • 9
    Dransfield MT, Rowe SM, Johnson JE, Bailey WC, Gerald LB. Use of beta blockers and the risk of death in hospitalised patients with acute exacerbations of COPD. Thorax 2008; 63: 301305.
  • 10
    Viegi G. Epidemiology of acute respiratory failure. Rassegna di Patologia dell'Apparato Respiratorio 2008; 23: 335338.