A systematic review of validated methods for identifying ventricular arrhythmias using administrative and claims data
L. Tamariz, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th St, Suite 971, Miami, Fl 33136 USA. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Drug-induced pro-arrhythmia is a serious and unexpected event. Large administrative and claims databases can potentially identify drugs or interactions leading to cardiac arrhythmias. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence supporting the validity of algorithms or codes to identify ventricular arrhythmias using administrative and claims data.
A search of MEDLINE database is supplemented by manual searches of bibliographies of key relevant articles. We selected all studies in which an administrative and claims data algorithm or code was validated against a medical record. We report the positive predictive value (PPV) for ICD-9 codes compared to medical records.
Our search strategy yielded 664 studies, of which only seven met our eligibility criteria. Two additional studies were identified by peer reviewers. The most commonly included databases were Medicare and Medicaid, and the most commonly evaluated ICD-9 codes were 426.x and 427.x. The individual use of ICD-9 codes 427.x yielded a high PPV (78%–100%). The highest PPV was seen when both ICD-9 codes 427.x and 798.x were used (92%). The same codes yielded the highest PPV when found in the principal diagnosis position (100%).
The use of ICD-9 codes 427.x, alone or in combination with code 798.x, in the principal position is appropriate for the identification of ventricular arrhythmias in administrative and claims databases. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.