Influence of low molecular weight ABS species on properties of PC/ABS systems

Authors

  • Roberto Greco,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Research and Technology of Plastic Materials, National Research Council of Italy, Via Toiano, 6-80072-Arco Felice, Napoli, Italy
    • Institute of Research and Technology of Plastic Materials, National Research Council of Italy, Via Toiano, 6-80072-Arco Felice, Napoli, Italy
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  • Michele Iavarone

    1. Institute of Research and Technology of Plastic Materials, National Research Council of Italy, Via Toiano, 6-80072-Arco Felice, Napoli, Italy
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Abstract

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) rheological, mechanical and impact tests were performed on alloys consisting of polycarbonate (PC) and diverse acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymers (ABS), from which different amounts of low molecular (M) weight (W) species had been previously extracted in a Soxhlet apparatus by methanol. The influence on properties of the alloy composition and of the low MW species amount was investigated. The glass transition temperature (Tg) was found to be a useful probe for monitoring the migration trends of low MW ABS species towards the PC domains for the different alloys. In a morphological analysis it was found that the higher the ABS extraction extent the less the penetration of the etching agent into the surfaces of smoothed specimens. The blend rheological behavior showed that the capability of improving the PC processability, characteristic of commercial ABS's, was strongly lowered by the ABS extracted ones. The alloy modulus was higher when the ABS extraction extent was larger. The yield stress of alloys showed higher values than that of the PC one, particularly at low ABS content. The alloy composition, for which the impact resilience was at its maximum value, strongly depended on the extraction extent. All the above findings seem to suggest an increased adhesion between PC and ABS domains with enhanced extraction amounts of low MW species from the ABS component.

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