Dielectric analysis of α-relaxation process of chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) stabilized with nitro-phenyl maleimide

Authors

  • Taha Abdel-Maguid Hanafy,

    1. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, 63514 Fayoum, Egypt
    2. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Tabuk University, Tabuk 71491, KSA
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  • Salah Mahrous

    Corresponding author
    1. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, 63514 Fayoum, Egypt
    • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Tabuk University, Tabuk 71491, KSA
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Abstract

Nitro-phenyl maleimide (NPM), is the organic stabilizer for poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC), has been investigated as thermal plasticization for rigid chlorinated poly (vinyl chloride) (CPVC). Dielectric relaxation of CPVC stabilized with 10 wt% of NPM has been studied in temperature and frequency ranges of 300–450 K and 10 kHz–1 MHz, respectively. An analysis of the dielectric constant, ε′ and dielectric loss index, ε″, was performed assuming a plasticization effect of NPM molecules. The plasticization effect of NPM molecules was confirmed by the behavior of the dielectric modulus M′ and M″ spectra. A clear dielectric α-relaxation process has been obtained in the studied temperature range. The results showed that NPM reduce the glass transition temperature, Tg, of CPVC by about 20 K. This effect has been assigned to the plasticization effect of NPM. At lower temperatures, dielectric modulus spectra reveal that there is a role of the effect of the electrode polarization in the relaxation process. The behavior AC conductivity, σac, indicated that the conduction mechanism in all CPVC samples is hopping type conduction. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 2013. © 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers

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