Temperature-sensitive PVDF hollow fiber membrane fabricated at different air gap lengths

Authors

  • Xiang Shen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Materials and Processes, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
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  • Yiping Zhao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Materials and Processes, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
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  • Xia Feng,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Materials and Processes, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
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  • Qiang Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Materials and Processes, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
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  • Li Chen

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Materials and Processes, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
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Abstract

This article describes preparation of temperature-sensitive poly(vinylidene fluoride) hollow fiber membranes using the dry-wet spinning technique and investigates effects of air gap length on the structures and performances. In spinning these hollow fibers, N,N-dimethyl formamide and poly(ethylene glycol) (10,000) were used as the solvent and pore-forming agent, respectively. The prepared fiber membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, pore size measurement, filtration experiments of pure water flux, and solutes with different molecular weights. The fiber membranes exhibit a quite asymmetric structures consisting of double skin layers situated on the fiber walls, two finger-like layers near skin layers as well as macrovoids and sponge-like structures at the center of the fiber cross-sections. Remarkable changes of pure water flux and retention of solute are observed around 32°C, indicating an excellent temperature-sensitive permeability. As the air gap length increases, the pore size of fiber membrane decreases, which results in decrease of pure water flux and allows small molecules to permeate through the fiber membrane. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 53:2519–2526, 2013. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers

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