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Nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of AB2 hyperbranched polymer-filled polypropylene

Authors

  • Guangtian Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Hebei Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People's Republic of China
    2. Department of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Environmental and Chemistry Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People's Republic of China
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  • Jing Lei,

    1. Hebei Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People's Republic of China
    2. Department of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Environmental and Chemistry Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People's Republic of China
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  • Fengyan Wang

    1. Hebei Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People's Republic of China
    2. Department of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Environmental and Chemistry Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

In this article, nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of polypropylene (PP) and AB2 hyperbranched polymer (HBP)-filled PP have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. The Avrami analysis modified by Mandelkern and a method combined with Avrami and Ozawa equations were employed to describe successfully the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of samples. The conclusion showed that HBP can prompt crystallization effectively. Furthermore, in blends of different HBP contents, the value of t1/2 became smaller with increasing HBP content; however, the crystallization rate of the blend decreased slightly when content of HBP is 5%. An increase in the Avrami exponent showed that addition of HBP influenced the mechanism of nucleation and the growth of PP crystallites. The possible explanation could be attributed to the fractal structure of HBP. The polarized micrographs showed that HBP acts as a heterogeneous nucleation agent, and the nucleation efficiency has increased remarkably in HBP/PP blends. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 53:2535–2540, 2013. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers

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