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The polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) polymer solutions were coated on the outer surface of PVDF matrix hollow fiber membrane. On the principle of the homogeneous-reinforced (HR) membrane technology, the reinforced PVDF/PVA (RFA) hollow fiber membranes prepared through the dry-wet spinning method. The performance of the RFA membranes varies with the PVA concentration in the polymer solution and is characterized in terms of pure water flux (PWF), porosity, a mechanical strength test, and morphology observations by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results of this study indicate that PVA can apparently improve the hydrophilicity of the PVDF hollow fiber membranes. The growing enrichment of the hydrophilic components PVA on the membrane surface is determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The RFA membranes have a favorable interfacial bonding between the coating layer (PVDF/PVA) and the matrix membrane (PVDF hollow fiber membrane), as shown by SEM. The elongation at break of the RFA membranes increases much more than that of the matrix membrane that is endowed with the better flexibility of the membrane performance. PWF decreases much more compared with that of the matrix membrane. The RFA membranes have a lower flux decline degree during the process of protein solution and ink solution filtration compared with that of the matrix membrane. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 54:276–287, 2014. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers