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In situ emulsion polymerization and characterization of poly(butyl acrylate-co-methyl methacrylate)/silica nanosystems



In this study influence of monomer ratio, butyl acrylate (BA), and methyl methacrylate (MMA) as well as silica nanofiller morphology (pyrogenic and colloidal) and concentration on the emulsion particle size distribution and properties of polyacrylate film (PA) synthesized by in situ emulsion polymerization were investigated. The ratios of the monomers BA/MMA were 100/0, 70/30, 50/50, 30/70, 0/100 and the filler concentration 0–10.0 mass%. PA nanocomposite films were characterized by using thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and tensile test. Research has shown that monomer ratio has significant influence on glass transition temperature (Tg). The addition of both types of silica filler, pyrogenic and colloidal, has no effect on Tg. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that systems with higher BA fraction have better thermal stability than systems with higher MMA fraction. Addition of the both type of silica nanofiller enhanced thermal stability of PAs, however, systems with colloidal silica are more stable. Pyrogenic silica and higher amounts of colloidal silica nanofiller increased PA emulsion particle size up to several micrometers. Addition of higher amounts of colloidal silica improved mechanical properties compared to the neat PA matrix. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 53:2292–2298, 2013. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers