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Investigation of the poly(vinyl chloride) extrusion process using a feed throat with a feed pocket


Correspondence to: Janusz W. Sikora; e-mail:


The effectiveness of the extrusion process depends on a number of factors, the most important being barrel design, e.g., longitudinal or helical grooves; screw, feed opening, and polymer hopper designs are significant in this respect, too. The effect of these factors on the extrusion process has been thoroughly discussed in the available literature. This notwithstanding, there is little information providing insight on the effect of a feed pocket made below the feed opening, on the side of the barrel toward which the screw rotates, on the main characteristics of the extrusion process. For the experiments, five special profile inserts with different feed pocket depths were made and then mounted in the extruder barrel equipped with a 25-mm diameter screw. The extrusion of plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) at the screw speed ranging from 30 to 150 rpm was investigated. Presented graphically as charts, the obtained results show the dependences of extrudate temperature, extruder screw torque, polymer output, power supplied to the extruder and conveyed by the polymer, unit energy consumption and energy efficiency on the feed pocket depth, and screw speed. It has been found that the feed pocket made in the extruder barrel has little effect on the course and effectiveness of plasticized PVC extrusion and does not worsen the studied properties of the received extrudate; yet, it should be taken into account to ensure the highest polymer output and lowest energy consumption. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 54:2037–2045, 2014. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers