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Conducting polymers obtained from quiescent and stirred solutions: Effects on the properties

Authors

  • Margarita Sanchez-Jiménez,

    1. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Escola Universitaria d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Carlos Alemán,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, E. T. S. d'Enginyers Industrials, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Center for Research in Nano-Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Francesc Estrany

    Corresponding author
    1. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Escola Universitaria d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Center for Research in Nano-Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
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Abstract

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), poly(N-methylpyrrole), and three-layered systems made of alternated layers of such two conducting polymers have been prepared by agitating the generation solution through a magnetic bar at a stirring speed of 400 rpm. The influence of these controlled dynamic conditions on both the electrochemical behavior and the superficial morphology has been examined. Results indicate that the increase in transport rate of reactants slightly favors the generation of more polymer weight at equal charge consumed. Consequently, the thickness of the materials prepared under stirring increases considerably with respect to those obtained from quiescent solutions, systems prepared using short (100 s) and large (300 s) polymerization times changing from nanometric to submicrometric and from submicrometric to micrometric length-scales, respectively. Moreover, the porosity of PNMPy and PEDOT films also increases upon agitation. Thus, quiescent solutions produce compact and cavernous morphologies, respectively, for these materials, whereas the PNMPy and PEDOT obtained from agitated solutions are globular and spongy, respectively. Finally, the electroactivity, electrochemical stability, and electrical conductivity of the materials obtained from stirred solutions have been found to be significantly higher than those of the polymers prepared using quiescent solutions. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 54:2121–2131, 2014. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers

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