Polydimethylsiloxane/polyethersulfone (PDMS/PES) asymmetric membranes are widely applied in gas separation. However, the effects of common cosolvent on these membranes remain unknown. In order to study the changes in membrane morphology and gas separation properties, asymmetric PDMS/PES membranes were prepared. The studied parameters were types of cosolvents, tetrahydrofuran (THF) concentration, evaporation time, and PDMS concentration. Membrane morphology was examined using scanning electron microscopy and gas separation was conducted using pure CO2, N2, CH4, and Hat 25°C. The addition of cosolvent into the polymer solution decreased the dope viscosity and delayed liquid–liquid demixing during phase inversion. Macrovoids formation was observed in substructure layer after adding THF and these macrovoids elongated with the reduction in THF content. There were microvoids formed on top of macrovoids and microvoids layer became thicker due to the increasing evaporation time of solvents before coagulation in nonsolvent. The PDMS coating on the PES membrane formed a dense skin layer and exhibited higher selectivity compared to the uncoated membrane. Membrane contained THF cosolvent with 60 s evaporation time and 3 wt% coated PDMS is the optimum membrane among other membranes in this work. The CO2/N2 selectivity was enhanced by 73.3% with CO2 permeance of 44.86 GPU. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 54:2177–2186, 2014. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers