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Shear field in the mold cavity of multimelt multi-injection molding revealed by the morphology distribution of a model polymer blend

Authors

  • Jing-Jing Wu,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Wei Yang,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Kai Zhang,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Rui-Yan Zhang,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Jian Feng,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Zheng-Ying Liu,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Bang-Hu Xie,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Chao-Liang Zhang,

    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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  • Ming-Bo Yang

    Corresponding author
    1. College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
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Abstract

The morphology distribution of a model polymer blend, polystyrene (PS)/polyethylene (PE), molded by multimelt multi-injection molding (MMMIM) process was studied by scanning electronic microscopy and polarizing light microscopy. An unusual double skin/core morphology was observed. The minor phase, PS, showed highly deformed morphology in both the skin layer near the mold wall and the core layer near the skin/core layer's interface. Meanwhile, in the regions that highly deformed PS phase showed, highly ordered cylindritic crystal structures of PE are also formed. As we all know the driving force and the basic prerequisite to deform the dispersed droplet and form the oriented crystal structure is the shear field. So an attempt was made to correlate the dispersed phase morphology, crystalline morphologies, and shear rate. The shear rate, estimated via the capillary number, across the thickness of the parts molded by MMMIM was bimodal. Even if the coalescence and relaxation of the dispersed phase during and after mold filling cannot be ignored, both the highly dispersed PS domains and the highly ordered crystal structure of PE showed in the regions with the maximum calculated shear rate, which is consistent with the generally accepted theories that strong shear flow is favorable to the formation of the oriented structures. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 54:2345–2353, 2014. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers

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