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Preparation of polypropylene and polystyrene with [BOND]NCO and [BOND]NH2 functional groups and their applications in polypropylene/polystyrene blends

Authors

  • Hao Li,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, China
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  • Xian-Ming Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, China
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  • Shi-Yang Zhu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, China
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  • Wen-Xing Chen,

    1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, China
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  • Lian-Fang Feng

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
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Abstract

Isocyanate- and amine-functionalized polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS) were prepared through grafting and copolymerization method. These compounds are used as precursors for PP-graft-PS (PP-g-PS) copolymers and reacted at the matrix interface of PP/PS blends. Functionalized polymer structures were characterized by 1H NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. The effects of the synthesized compatibilizer on the rheological and morphological behavior of PP/PS blends were investigated systematically. Results showed that the functional polymer was successfully synthesized, and the additional two different compatibilizer systems dramatically decreased the size of the dispersed phase domains in PP/PS blends. Compared with the uncompatibilized blends, compatibilized blends exhibited a slightly higher crystallization temperature because the melting points of the blend components were not evidently affected by the addition of compatibilizer, as revealed by differential scanning calorimetry. The compatibilizer effect on the PP/PS blends was reflected through rheological property and dynamic mechanical analysis. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 55:614–623, 2015. © 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers

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