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Abstract

A mathematical model is derived for isothermal flow of a Newtonian liquid through corotating twin screw equipment. Two different flow regimes are studied. In the first, channels of twin screw equipment are completely filled with liquid, generate a pressure gradient, and provide a discharge pressure at the end of the pump. Equations are given for drag flow rate, pressure backflow rate, and flow rate through the nip zone. It is shown how the analysis of single screw pumps can be modified for twin-screw pumps. In the second regime channels are partly full, which is the case with extraction equipment. Equations show how the degree of fill in the equipment changes with flow rate, speed, and dimensions.