Fractography of injection molded polycarbonate acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer blends

Authors

  • M.-P. Lee,

    1. Department of Macromolecular Science and Center for Applied Polymer Research, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
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  • A. Hiltner,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Macromolecular Science and Center for Applied Polymer Research, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
    • Department of Macromolecular Science and Center for Applied Polymer Research, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
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  • E. Baer

    1. Department of Macromolecular Science and Center for Applied Polymer Research, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
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Abstract

Fractography has been used in the post-failure analysis of single edge notched specimens of injection molded blends of polycarbonate (PC) and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer (ABS). The mode of ductile tensile fracture of single edge notched specimens depended on comosition. Plane stress shear tearing was observed in the composition range PC/ABS 90/10 to 70/30 by weight where PC was the continuous phase. Intermediate compositions, PC/ABS 60/40 to 40/60, had a co-continuous or almot co-continuous phase morphology; these blends fractured by mixed mode pop-in, where a tunneling center crack relieved the triaxiality and permitted plane stress shear lips to form near the edges. Herringbone fracture, a plane strain mode characterized by discontinuous crack growth, was observed when ABS was the continuous phase, PC/ABS 30/70 to 10/90. An S-shaped relationship was observed between the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature and the composition. Addition of ABS to PC increased ductility up to PC/ABS 70/30 and 60/40, which were the most ductile compositions. Further addition of ABS decreased the ductility, and the least ductile compositions were PC/ABS 30/70 and 10/90.

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