Emotional Stability and Affective Self-regulatory Efficacy Beliefs: Proofs of Integration between Trait Theory and Social Cognitive Theory
Article first published online: 29 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 27, Issue 2, pages 145–154, March/April 2013
How to Cite
Caprara, G., Vecchione, M., Barbaranelli, C. and Alessandri, G. (2013), Emotional Stability and Affective Self-regulatory Efficacy Beliefs: Proofs of Integration between Trait Theory and Social Cognitive Theory. Eur. J. Pers., 27: 145–154. doi: 10.1002/per.1847
- Issue published online: 18 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 29 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 5 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Received: 27 MAY 2011
- development of personality;
- personality scales and inventories;
- emotional competence
The present study aimed to investigate the development and interplay of emotional stability and affective self-regulatory efficacy beliefs through adolescence to young adulthood. A latent growth curve approach was used to investigate level and stability of emotional stability and self-efficacy in managing negative emotions and in expressing positive emotions. We found that initial levels of emotional stability and self-efficacy beliefs are highly correlated. In accordance with the posited hypothesis, the growth rate of perceived self-efficacy in managing negative emotions predicted the growth rate of emotional stability, whereas the opposite path was not significant. The growth rates of perceived self-efficacy in expressing positive emotions and emotional stability were not related to each other. Taken together, these findings point to self-efficacy beliefs as instrumental to the change of traits. Practical implications of results are discussed, highlighting the role of social cognitive theory in supplying the proper strategies to design effective interventions to enable people to make the best use of their potentials. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.