The Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire (NPQ) is an experimental, structured, nonverbal measure of 16 personality traits. Its items lack verbal content and, therefore, the inventory is useful for cross-cultural research. Our goal is this research was to select a subset of the NPQ items to form a new nonverbal questionnaire based on the Five-Factor Model of personality. We describe the construction of the Five-Factor Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire (FF-NPQ), and present data on its psychometric properties. These data include scale internal consistencies, intercorrelations, convergences with verbal measures of the Big Five factors, discriminant validity correlations, correlations with peer ratings, and ability to predict socially important behaviour criteria such as smoking and alcohol consumption. In a second study, we report on the psychometric properties of the FF-NPQ in an independent sample of respondents from seven different countries. The utility of the new nonverbal inventory for cross-cultural research is discussed. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.