Disinhibitory trait profile and its relation to Cluster B personality disorder features and substance use problems
Article first published online: 20 MAR 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 20, Issue 4, pages 271–284, June 2006
How to Cite
Taylor, J., Reeves, M., James, L. and Bobadilla, L. (2006), Disinhibitory trait profile and its relation to Cluster B personality disorder features and substance use problems. Eur. J. Pers., 20: 271–284. doi: 10.1002/per.585
- Issue published online: 1 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 20 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUN 2005
- negative emotionality;
- Cluster B personality disorders;
- substance use disorder
Certain personality and motivational traits may present vulnerability towards disinhibitory psychopathology (e.g. antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse). Cluster analysis was used to separately group 306 women and 274 men on impulsivity, Constraint, Negative Emotionality, behavioural activation system (BAS), and behavioural inhibition system (BIS) scores. As expected, a ‘disinhibited’ group with low Constraint, high impulsivity, weak BIS, and strong BAS emerged that showed elevated drug use problems, and histrionic and antisocial personality disorder features across gender. A ‘high affectivity’ group with high Negative Emotionality and strong BIS also showed elevated drug use problems and personality disorder features. Results suggested that two different trait profiles are associated with disinhibitory psychopathology and both may present vulnerability toward the development of such disorders. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.