Personality, threat and affective responses to cultural diversity
Article first published online: 3 JAN 2007
Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 21, Issue 4, pages 453–470, June 2007
How to Cite
Van der Zee, K. and Van der Gang, I. (2007), Personality, threat and affective responses to cultural diversity. Eur. J. Pers., 21: 453–470. doi: 10.1002/per.619
- Issue published online: 11 MAY 2007
- Article first published online: 3 JAN 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 NOV 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 29 OCT 2006
- Manuscript Received: 8 AUG 2005
- mortality salience;
The present study tried to reconcile assumptions from Terror Management Theory that individual differences in openness to diversity are enhanced by existential threat with own recent findings suggesting that individual differences are diminished by threat. A model was supported assuming that it is the nature of the threat that determines which pattern will hold. We predicted that for stress-related but not for social traits, threat enhances individual differences in reactions to diversity. Students were confronted with a videotaped meeting of a homogeneous versus diverse work group. Threat was induced using a Terror Management Intervention. Indeed, whereas for Emotional Stability individual differ ences in responses to diversity were restricted to conditions of threat, for Social Initiative, individual differences solely occurred under normal circumstances. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.