Which of the Big Five factors are in need of situational specification?
Article first published online: 7 JAN 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 269–289, June 2008
How to Cite
De Raad, B., Sullot, E. and Barelds, D. P. H. (2008), Which of the Big Five factors are in need of situational specification?. Eur. J. Pers., 22: 269–289. doi: 10.1002/per.668
- Issue published online: 12 MAY 2008
- Article first published online: 7 JAN 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 NOV 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 5 NOV 2007
- Manuscript Received: 12 JAN 2007
- lexical studies;
- personality scales and inventories;
With the availability of a personality relevant situation taxonomy (Ten Berge & De Raad, 2002), a burning question ahead is whether systematic inclusion of situation references in personality questionnaires does improve their descriptive and predictive capacities. In this paper, the reliability question was addressed, and we investigated for which factors of the Big Five the interjudge-agreement would increase upon adding situational information. In this study we excluded the fifth factor, Intellectual Autonomy. Two studies were performed, involving a first test in Study 1, and a replication with three tests through varying sets of items in Study 2. In Study 1, trait descriptive adjectives representing four factors were administered twice (N = 182), one time without and one time with situational information. In Study 2 (N = 152), we varied both the trait-adjectives and the situational trait-sentences from set to set. All four tests indicated that the interjudge-agreement for Extraversion generally decreased upon adding situation information, for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness it did not essentially change, and the interjudge-agreement for Emotional Stability substantially increased. Some explanations and implications are discussed. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.