Living up to high standards and psychological distress
Article first published online: 8 APR 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 337–346, June 2008
How to Cite
Van Yperen, N. W. and Hagedoorn, M. (2008), Living up to high standards and psychological distress. Eur. J. Pers., 22: 337–346. doi: 10.1002/per.681
- Issue published online: 12 MAY 2008
- Article first published online: 8 APR 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 25 FEB 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 FEB 2008
- Manuscript Received: 20 JUL 2007
- fear of failure;
- goal setting;
We argue and demonstrate that setting high standards, an essential aspect of perfectionism, is not associated with maladaptive responses in and of itself. Rather, our findings suggest that people's responses to their perceptions that they consistently fail to meet their own standards are maladaptive. More importantly, in the present survey study (n = 293), we extend previous research by showing that low personal standards and the perception that others are imposing high standards on the self operate in concert to strengthen the link between perceived discrepancy and psychological distress. Furthermore, in support of our moderation-mediation model, regression analyses provided evidence for the mediating role of generalised self-efficacy beliefs. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.