Neuroticism and responses to social comparison among cancer patients
Article first published online: 4 APR 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 23, Issue 6, pages 475–487, October 2009
How to Cite
Buunk, A. P., Brakel, T. M., Bennenbroek, F. T.C., Stiegelis, H. E., Sanderman, R., Van den Bergh, A. C. M. and Hagedoorn, M. (2009), Neuroticism and responses to social comparison among cancer patients. Eur. J. Pers., 23: 475–487. doi: 10.1002/per.720
- Issue published online: 2 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 FEB 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 26 JAN 2009
- Manuscript Received: 20 JUN 2006
- role models;
- negative affect;
- radiation therapy
The present study examined how the effects of three audiotapes containing different types of social comparison information on the mood of cancer patients depended on the level of neuroticism. On the procedural tape, a man and woman discussed the process of radiation therapy, on the emotion tape, they focussed on emotional reactions to their illness and treatment, while on the coping tape they focussed on the way they had been coping. A validation study among 115 students showed that the tapes were perceived as they were intended. The main study was conducted among 226 patients who were about to undergo radiation therapy. Compared to patients in the control group, as patients were higher in neuroticism, they reported less negative mood after listening to the procedural and the coping tape. Furthermore, as patients were higher in neuroticism, they reported less negative mood after listening to the coping tape than to the emotion tape. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.