The effect of state extraversion on four types of affect
Article first published online: 3 SEP 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 18–35, February 2010
How to Cite
McNiel, J. M., Lowman, J. C. and Fleeson, W. (2010), The effect of state extraversion on four types of affect. Eur. J. Pers., 24: 18–35. doi: 10.1002/per.738
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2010
- Article first published online: 3 SEP 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 2 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Received: 31 MAR 2008
- positive affect;
The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of state extraversion on different types of affect. Ninety six participants were instructed to be extraverted or introverted in a 10-minute dyadic discussion. State extraversion had a strong effect on positive affect and smaller (but still strong) effects on pleasant and activated affect, with these latter two effects almost equal in magnitude. This pattern of findings appears to increase confidence that the effect of state extraversion is genuine rather than the result of construct overlap, in that extraversion's effect on positive affect is not dominated by its effect on activated affect. No support for reward sensitivity as a potential explanatory mechanism was found. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.