Stop and start control: A distinction within self-control
Article first published online: 26 OCT 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 25, Issue 5, pages 349–362, September/October 2011
How to Cite
de Boer, B. J., van Hooft, E. A. J. and Bakker, A. B. (2011), Stop and start control: A distinction within self-control. Eur. J. Pers., 25: 349–362. doi: 10.1002/per.796
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 26 OCT 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 9 SEP 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 SEP 2010
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAR 2010
- start control;
- stop control
A theoretical distinction within self-control, between stop control and start control, was investigated in two studies. Study 1 consisted of a pilot study in which expert ratings of existing self-control items were used to distinguish between stop and start control items and a confirmatory factor analyses of these items using a student sample (N = 474). Also, stop and start control were related to overall affect and behavioural outcomes. Stop control was negatively related to negative affect, whereas start control was positively related to positive affect. Study 2 (N = 226) replicated some of these findings; stop control was the best predictor (−) of smoking and alcohol consumption whereas start control was the best predictor (+) of exercising and studying. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.