Vocational identity trajectories: Differences in personality and development of well-being
Article first published online: 26 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 26, Issue 1, pages 2–12, January/February 2012
How to Cite
Hirschi, A. (2012), Vocational identity trajectories: Differences in personality and development of well-being. Eur. J. Pers., 26: 2–12. doi: 10.1002/per.812
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 26 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 15 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Received: 11 MAY 2010
- vocational identity;
- career development;
This person-centred study investigated the longitudinal patterns of vocational identity development in relation to personality, the development of well-being, gender, nationality and the attended school track among two cohorts of Swiss adolescents in 8th or 9th grade (N = 269) and in 11th or 12th grade (N = 230). The results confirmed the existence of four identity statuses, namely, achievement, foreclosure, moratorium and diffusion. Forty-two per cent of students showed progressive patterns of identity development, while 37% remained in their identity status over time. Students with different statuses and status change patterns differed significantly in their personality traits. Higher neuroticism related to the emergence of identity exploration over time, while conscientiousness related to maintaining or achieving a sense of identity commitment in terms of achievement or foreclosure. Controlling for the effects of socio-demographics and personality traits, students who reached or maintained a state characterized by identity clarity and commitment showed a relative increase in life satisfaction, while those entering a state of identity crisis or exploration showed a decrease in life satisfaction. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.