Resisting Everything Except Temptation: Evidence and an Explanation for Domain-specific Impulsivity
Article first published online: 1 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Personality
Volume 26, Issue 3, pages 318–334, May/June 2012
How to Cite
Tsukayama, E., Duckworth, A. L. and Kim, B. (2012), Resisting Everything Except Temptation: Evidence and an Explanation for Domain-specific Impulsivity. Eur. J. Pers., 26: 318–334. doi: 10.1002/per.841
- Issue published online: 17 APR 2012
- Article first published online: 1 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 5 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 18 NOV 2010
- domain specific;
We propose a model of impulsivity that predicts both domain-general and domain-specific variance in behaviours that produce short-term gratification at the expense of long-term goals and standards. Specifically, we posit that domain-general impulsivity is explained by domain-general self-control strategies and resources, whereas domain-specific impulsivity is explained by how tempting individuals find various impulsive behaviours, and to a lesser extent, in perceptions of their long-term harm. Using a novel self-report measure, factor analyses produced six (non-exhaustive) domains of impulsive behaviour (Studies 1–2): work, interpersonal relationships, drugs, food, exercise and finances. Domain-general self-control explained 40% of the variance in domain-general impulsive behaviour between individuals, reffect = .71. Domain-specific temptation (reffect = .83) and perceived harm (reffect = −.26) explained 40% and 2% of the unique within-individual variance in impulsive behaviour, respectively (59% together). In Study 3, we recruited individuals in special interest groups (e.g. procrastinators) to confirm that individuals who are especially tempted by behaviours in their target domain are not likely to be more tempted in non-target domains. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.