Preliminary findings were presented in December 2010 at the 45th ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting in Anaheim, California, and in May 2011 at the 26th Great Lakes Pharmacy Resident Conference at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana.
Original Research Article
Effectiveness of a Pharmacy Care Management Program for Veterans with Dyslipidemia
Version of Record online: 26 APR 2013
© 2013 Pharmacotherapy Publications, Inc
Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy
Volume 33, Issue 7, pages 736–743, July 2013
How to Cite
(Pharmacotherapy 2013;33(7):736–743) doi: 10.1002/phar.1273
At the time of the project, Michael C. Smith was a postgraduate first year resident at the Roudebush VA Medical Center. A portion of Alan J. Zillich's time is supported by a Research Career Development Award from the Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development (#RCD 06-304-1).
- Issue online: 1 JUL 2013
- Version of Record online: 26 APR 2013
- clinical pharmacist;
- care management;
- disease management;
To evaluate the effectiveness of a care management program provided by clinical pharmacists for veterans with dyslipidemia.
Retrospective cohort design.
Two primary care clinics at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
An intervention (IT) cohort of 213 patients referred for management of dyslipidemia by clinical pharmacists and a control cohort of 219 patients with dyslipidemia receiving usual care (UC).
Data were obtained from electronic medical records regarding drug therapy, lipid levels, and patient characteristics. Using multivariable regression models to adjust for baseline characteristics, the primary analyses compared mean final measured values of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TGs) among the IT and UC cohorts at the final follow-up visits. Secondary analyses compared the proportion of patients achieving National Cholesterol Education Program/Third Report of the Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (NCEP/ATPIII) concordant LDL goals and the time to achieve LDL goals between the two groups.
Compared with the UC cohort, the adjusted difference in the mean final measured LDL for the IT cohort was −10.4 mg/dl (95% confidence interval [CI] −16.1 to −4.6, p < 0.001) and TC was −12.7 (95% CI −21.3 to −4.1, p=0.004). There were no significant differences in the adjusted mean final measured HDL or TGs between the two groups. The NCEP/ATPIII goal LDL was met in 80.3% of patients in the IT cohort and 65.3% of patients in the UC cohort (odds ratio [OR], 2.6; 95% CI 1.6–4.3, p<0.001). Time to achieve goal LDL was significantly shorter for the IT cohort compared with the UC cohort (risk ratio, 1.8; 95% CI 1.2–2.8, log-rank p=0.002).
Veterans referred to a clinical pharmacist for treatment of dyslipidemia achieved significant reductions in TC and LDL. A greater proportion of patients achieved NCEP/ATPIII goal LDL, and the time to attainment of LDL goals was shorter in the pharmacist-managed cohort, supporting a continued role for pharmacy care management in the treatment of patients with dyslipidemia.