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Methacryloxyethyl phosphate-grafted expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membranes for biomedical applications

Authors

  • Edeline Wentrup-Byrne,

    Corresponding author
    1. Tissue BioRegeneration and Integration Program, Science Research Centre, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia
    • Tissue BioRegeneration and Integration Program, Science Research Centre, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia
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  • Lisbeth Grøndahl,

    1. School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
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  • Shuko Suzuki

    1. Tissue BioRegeneration and Integration Program, Science Research Centre, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia
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Abstract

Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) membranes were modified by graft copolymerization with methacryloxyethyl phosphate (MOEP) in methanol and 2-butanone (methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)) at ambient temperature using gamma irradiation. The effect of dose rate (0.46 and 4.6 kGy h−1), monomer concentration (1–40 %) and solvent were studied and the modified membranes were characterized by weight increase, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XPS was used to determine the % degree of surface coverage using the C[BOND]F (ePTFE membrane) and the C[BOND]C (MOEP graft copolymer) peaks. Grafting yield, as well as surface coverage, were found to increase with increasing monomer concentration and were significantly higher for samples grafted in MEK than in methanol solution. SEM images showed distinctly different surface morphologies for the membranes grafted in methanol (smooth) and MEK (globular), hence indicating phase separation of the homopolymer in MEK. We propose that in our system, the non-solvent properties of MEK for the homopolymer play a more important role than solvent chain transfer reactions in determining grafting outcomes. Copyright © 2005 Society of Chemical Industry

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