Viscoelasticity and thermal stability of poly(arylene ether nitrile) nanocomposites with various functionalized carbon nanotubes

Authors

  • Yingqing Zhan,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
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  • Xulin Yang,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
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  • Fanbin Meng,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
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  • Yajie Lei,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
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  • Jiachun Zhong,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
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  • Rui Zhao,

    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
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  • Xiaobo Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China
    • Research Branch of Functional Materials, Institute of Microelectronic and Solid State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, PR China.
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Abstract

Poly(arylene ether nitrile) (PEN) nanocomposites containing various functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared through a solution-casting method. The as-prepared PEN nanocomposites were investigated using parallel-plate rheometry and thermogravimetric analysis, aimed at examining the effect of surface functionalization on the dispersion of MWCNTs from the viscoelastic and thermal properties. The linear viscoelasticy results indicated that 4-aminophenoxyphthalonitrile-grafted MWCNTs presented better dispersion in the PEN matrix than purified and carboxylic MWCNTs because the corresponding composite showed the lowest rheological percolation threshold, which was further confirmed from scanning electron microscopy, dissolution experiments and solution rheological experiments. The thermogravimetric analysis results revealed that the presence of 4-aminophenoxyphthalonitrile-grafted and carboxylic MWCNTs retarded the depolymerization compared with purified MWCNTs, showing a marked increase in the temperature corresponding to a loss of 5 wt% (increased by 14–22 °C) and maximum rate of decomposition (increased by 4–8 °C). Both the state of dispersion and the surface functionalization of MWCNTs are very important to the thermal stability of the PEN matrix. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry

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