Strong resistance of poly (ethylene glycol) based L-tyrosine polyurethanes to protein adsorption and cell adhesion



Biofouling that involves protein adsorption, cell and bacteria adhesion, and biofilm formation between a surface and biological entities is a great challenge for biomedical and industry applications. In this work, L-tyrosine-derived polyurethanes (L-polyurethane) with different molecular weights of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) were synthesized, characterized and coated on gold surfaces using spin-coating. The non-fouling activity of different L-polyurethane films was evaluated by protein adsorption and cell adhesion. Surface plasmon resonance and cell assay results demonstrate that the PEG content in these L-polyurethanes contributes excellent resistance to protein adsorption and cell attachments. This work provides alternative and effective biomaterials for potential applications in blood-contacting devices. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry