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Keywords:

  • nanodiamond;
  • Poly(vinylpyrrolidone);
  • polymer wrapping;
  • dispersion

Abstract

Among carbon-based nanomaterials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes and nanodiamonds, the latter are good candidates as prospective materials in the future due to their potential physical, chemical and biological properties. Thus, nanodiamonds were wrapped with biocompatible polymers in the solid state. The dispersibility of the polymer-wrapped nanodiamonds in water was investigated with respect to reaction time and mass ratio of the polymers during the wrapping process. The dispersibility of the materials was monitored using UV spectroscopy, and the size distribution of the polymer-wrapped nanodiamonds was analyzed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering measurements. In addition, molecular modeling calculations were performed. Finally, the best dispersion for the polymer-wrapped nanodiamonds in water was found for a reaction time of 120 min. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry