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Keywords:

  • nanocomposites;
  • layered double hydroxide;
  • polyurethane;
  • mechanical properties;
  • adhesive properties

Abstract

The present work deals with the effect of stearate intercalated layered double hydroxide (St-LDH) loadings on the morphological, mechanical, thermal, adhesive and flame retardant properties of polyurethane (PU)/St-LDH nanocomposites prepared by the in situ polymerization method. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies confirmed that exfoliation takes place at 3 wt% loading followed by intercalation at higher filler loadings in the PU matrix. The exfoliated structure has been further verified by atomic force microscopy. The measurements of stress-strain, thermogravimetric analysis, dynamic mechanical analysis, lap shear strength and peel strength analysis showed that the nanocomposites containing 3 wt% St-LDH exhibit excellent improvement in tensile strength (ca 175%) and log storage modulus (ca 14%), while PU/St-LDH (5 wt%) possesses optimum improvement in glass transition temperature (ca 6 °C), lap shear strength (200%) and peel strength (130%) over neat PU. In addition, the gradual improvements in limiting oxygen index value with St-LDH loading indicated the higher effectiveness in providing better barrier properties as well as better flame retardant behavior. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry