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Chemical functionalization strategies for carbon dioxide capture in microporous organic polymers

Authors

  • Robert Dawson,

    1. Institute of Chemistry, Functional Materials, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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  • Andrew I Cooper,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Centre for Materials Discovery, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
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  • Dave J Adams

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Centre for Materials Discovery, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    • Institute of Chemistry, Functional Materials, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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Correspondence to: Dave J Adams, Department of Chemistry and Centre for Materials Discovery, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZD, UK. E-mail: d.j.adams@liverpool.ac.uk

Abstract

We review the design and use of microporous polymers for pre- and post-combustion capture of CO2. Microporous organic polymers are promising candidates for CO2 capture materials. They have good physicochemical stabilities and high surface areas. Ultrahigh-surface-area microporous organic polymers could find use in pre-combustion capture, while networks with lower surface areas but higher heats of sorption for CO2 might be more relevant for lower pressure, post-combustion capture. We discuss strategies for enhancing CO2 uptakes including increasing surface area, chemical functionalization to provide high-enthalpy binding sites and the potential for pore size tuning. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry

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