Power-law conductivity in polythiophene/copper(II) acetylacetonate composites



This paper reports the charge transport mechanism of polythiophene (PT) matrix composites having various concentrations of copper(II) acetylacetonate. Characterization and structural analyses of the samples were carried out via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The alternating current electrical properties were investigated as a function of temperature. The change of free energy of adsorption calculated from the Langmuir adsorption isotherm showed that metal ions were electrostatically adsorbed onto polymer chains. Significant morphological changes were observed from SEM images of PT depending on doping process which in turn affected the thermal degradation of PT. The charge transport mechanism determined from a power law showed that there was one frequency-dependent conductivity region for PT, while there were two regions for the composites in contrast to studies reported in the literature. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry