Back-side diffractive gratings enhance a solar cell's efficiency by trapping light inside the cell and increasing the probability of absorption. We introduce a three-dimensional, polarization-sensitive optical model combining ray tracing and rigorous coupled-wave analysis to investigate silicon solar cells with pyramidal front-side texturing and back-side gratings. Parameter optimization is performed to increase the short-circuit current density for a linear binary grating with grating period p and height h. For the investigated 180-µm-thick pyramidally textured silicon solar cells, the simulation yields a maximum enhancement of the short-circuit current density by ΔJSC = 1.79 mA/cm2 corresponding to an absolute efficiency increase of Δη = 0.90%. Furthermore, we report on fabrication and reflectance measurements of solar cells with gratings and key challenges in achieving efficiency gains using back-side diffractive gratings. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.