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Keywords:

  • irradiance;
  • model;
  • accuracy;
  • percent error

ABSTRACT

Metrics used in assessing irradiance model accuracy, such as root mean square error and mean absolute error, are precisely defined. Their relative (%) counterpart, however, can be subject to interpretation and may cover a wide range of values for a given set of data depending on reporting practice. This note evaluates different approaches for the reporting of relative metrics quantifying the dispersion accuracy of a model and formulates recommendations for the most appropriate approach. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.