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Light trapping with titanium dioxide diffraction gratings fabricated by nanoimprinting



Dielectric scattering structures are a promising way of trapping light in solar cells. Titanium dioxide is a particularly attractive candidate material because of its high refractive index and ability to be deposited on a finished solar cell. Here, we present an experimental demonstration of photocurrent enhancement in thin film recrystallised silicon solar cells using TiO2 pillar arrays fabricated on the rear of the cells using nanoimprint lithography. A short circuit current enhancement of 19% is measured experimentally, and excellent agreement with numerical simulations is obtained. We show numerically that by replacing the Ag capping present on the cells with a detached rear Ag back reflector, the enhancement could reach 37%. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.