A review of optical and thermal transfer fluids used for optical adaptation or beam-splitting in concentrating solar systems
Article first published online: 28 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Volume 22, Issue 6, pages 612–633, June 2014
How to Cite
Vivar, M. and Everett, V. (2014), A review of optical and thermal transfer fluids used for optical adaptation or beam-splitting in concentrating solar systems. Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl., 22: 612–633. doi: 10.1002/pip.2307
- Issue published online: 18 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 28 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 17 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 26 JUN 2012
- optical properties;
There are a wide variety of solar thermal, photovoltaic, and hybrid photovoltaic–thermal concentrator systems and concepts that use liquids for optical adaptation and heat transfer. Depending on the functional purpose of the fluid: heat transfer, optical adaptation, spectral filtering, or a combination of these applications, different fluid properties are required. This review studies actively cooled solar concentrators and their associated requirements for liquids. The most suitable candidate fluids available in the market are assessed according to their properties and applications, with a special emphasis on fluid toxicity and long-term performance. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.