The effect of Mo back contact ageing on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film solar cells



In this work, we investigate the effect of ageing Mo-coated substrates in a dry and N2 flooded cabinet. The influence was studied by preparing Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells and by comparing the electrical performance with devices where the Mo layer was not aged. The measurements used for this study were current–voltage (J-V), external quantum efficiency (EQE), secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) and capacitance–voltage (C-V). It was concluded that devices prepared with the aged Mo layer have, in average, an increase of 0.8% in efficiency compared with devices that had a fresh Mo layer. Devices with aged Mo exhibited a nominal increase of 12.5 mV of open circuit voltage, a decrease of 1.1 mA/cm−2 of short circuit current and a fill factor increase of 2.4%. Heat treatment of fresh Mo layers in oxygen atmosphere was also studied as an alternative to ageing and was shown to provide a similar effect to the aged device's performance. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.