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Structural tuning of wide-gap chalcopyrite CuGaSe2 thin films and highly efficient solar cells: differences from narrow-gap Cu(In,Ga)Se2

Authors

  • Shogo Ishizuka,

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Center for Photovoltaic Technologies, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    • Correspondence: Shogo Ishizuka, Research Center for Photovoltaic Technologies, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305–8568, Japan.

      E-mail: shogo-ishizuka@aist.go.jp

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  • Akimasa Yamada,

    1. Research Center for Photovoltaic Technologies, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
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  • Paul J. Fons,

    1. Research Center for Photovoltaic Technologies, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
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  • Hajime Shibata,

    1. Research Center for Photovoltaic Technologies, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
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  • Shigeru Niki

    1. Research Center for Photovoltaic Technologies, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
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ABSTRACT

Simultaneous realization of high values of open circuit voltage (Voc), fill factor (FF), and energy conversion efficiency (η) in wide-gap CuGaSe2 (CGS) solar cells has long been one of the most challenging issues in the realm of chalcopyrite photovoltaics. In this communication, structural tuning of CGS thin films by means of controlling the amount of Se flux used during CGS film growth and improvements in solar cell performance (Voc > 0.9 V, FF > 0.7, and η > 10%) are demonstrated. Systematic variations in CGS film properties with the Se flux and correlation with device properties are shown. The unique CGS thin-film growth kinetics, which are different from narrow-gap Cu(In,Ga)Se2, are also presented and discussed. This development of double digit efficiency for CGS solar cells opens a new frontier for the broad application of a new class of chalcopyrite-based devices. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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