Evaluation of high-temperature exposure of photovoltaic modules (pages 954–965)
Sarah Kurtz, Kent Whitfield, G. TamizhMani, Michael Koehl, David Miller, James Joyce, John Wohlgemuth, Nick Bosco, Michael Kempe and Timothy Zgonena
Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/pip.1103
Accelerated testing can estimate whether a PV module design will be durable to the high temperatures experienced in the field. This paper quantifies the thermal environments for modules deployed in multiple cities, mounted on racks or rooftops, and estimates the needed accelerated testing to simulate that exposure quickly in an oven. The figure shows the time at 85°C needed to simulate 1 year in Miami as a function of the activation energy of the aging process.