Crystalline thin-foil silicon solar cells: where crystalline quality meets thin-film processing (pages 770–784)
Frederic Dross, Kris Baert, Twan Bearda, Jan Deckers, Valerie Depauw, Ounsi El Daif, Ivan Gordon, Adel Gougam, Jonathan Govaerts, Stefano Granata, Riet Labie, Xavier Loozen, Roberto Martini, Alex Masolin, Barry O'Sullivan, Yu Qiu, Jan Vaes, Dries Van Gestel, Jan Van Hoeymissen, Anja Vanleenhove, Kris Van Nieuwenhuysen, Srisaran Venkatachalam, Marc Meuris and Jef Poortmans
Version of Record online: 1 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/pip.1238
Crystalline Si technology is dominating the photovoltaics market. These modules are nonetheless still relatively expensive. Thin-film technologies, on the other hand, exhibit a much lower production cost per unit area, but achieve an efficiency still limited on module level, which increases the total system costs. A meet-in-the-middle is possible: crystalline Si thin-film modules. First, we present the fabrication of the active material, and then we describe the processing of the Si foils into solar cells, directly on module level.