SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427454.
  • Atlas, R., & Pepler, D. (1998). Observations of bullying in the classroom. Journal of Educational Research, 92, 86.
  • Bacchini, D., Affuso, G., & Trotta, T. (2008). Temperament, ADHD and peer relations among schoolchildren: The mediating role of school bullying. Aggressive Behavior, 34, 447459.
  • Bacchini, D., Esposito, G., & Affuso, G. (2009). Social experience and school bullying. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 19, 1732.
  • Boulton, M., Bucci, E., Hawker, D., & Hawker, D. (1999). Swedish and English secondary school pupils’ attitudes towards, and conceptions of, bullying: Concurrent links with bully/victim involvement. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 40, 277284.
  • Bradshaw, C., O'Brennan, L., & Sawyer, A. (2008). Examining variation in attitudes toward aggressive retaliation and perceptions of safety among bullies, victims, and bully/victims. Professional School Counseling, 12, 1021.
  • Bradshaw, C., Sawyer, A., & O'Brennan, L. (2007). Bullying and peer victimization at school: Perceptual differences between students and school staff. School Psychology Review, 36, 361382.
  • Breuer, H. (2009). MySpace suicide victim's mom urges parental action. Retrieved from http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20275756,00.html
  • Card, N., Stucky, B., Sawalani, G., & Little, T. (2008). Direct and indirect aggression during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of gender differences, intercorrelations, and relations to maladjustment. Child Development, 79, 11851229.
  • Craig, W. M., Pepler, D. J., & Atlas, R. (2000). Observations of bullying on the playground and in the classroom [Special issue]. School Psychology International, 21, 2236.
  • Demaray, M., & Malecki, C. (2003). Perceptions of the frequency and importance of social support by students classified as victims, bullies, and bully/victims in an urban middle school. School Psychology Review, 32, 47148.
  • DeMonchy, M., Pijl, S., & Zandberg, T. (2004). Discrepancies in judging social inclusion and bullying of pupils with behaviour problems. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 19, 317330.
  • Dulmus, C., Sowers, K., & Theriot, M. (2006). Prevalence and bullying experiences of victims and victims who become bullies (bully-victims) at rural schools. Victims & Offenders, 1, 1531.
  • Frey, K., Hirschstein, M., Edstrom, L., & Snell, J. (2009). Observed reductions in school bullying, nonbullying aggression, and destructive bystander behavior: A longitudinal evaluation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 466481.
  • Gradinger, P., Strohmeier, D., & Spiel, C. (2009). Traditional bullying and cyberbullying: Identification of risk groups for adjustment problems. Journal of Psychology, 217, 205213.
  • Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2009). Bullying: Beyond the schoolyard. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
  • Holt, M., Finkelhor, D., & Kantor, G. (2007). Hidden forms of victimization in elementary students involved in bullying. School Psychology Review, 36, 345360.
  • Huesmann, L., & Guerra, N. (1997). Children's normative beliefs about aggression and aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 408419.
  • Johnson, H., Thompson, M., Wilkinson, S., Walsh, L., Balding, J., & Wright, V. (2002). Vulnerability to bullying: Teacher-reported conduct and emotional problems, hyperactivity, peer relationship difficulties, and prosocial behaviour in primary school children. Educational Psychology, 22, 553556.
  • Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. (2006). Examining the relationship between low empathy and bullying. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 540550.
  • Juvonen, J., Graham, S., & Schuster, M. (2003). Bullying among young adolescents: The strong, the weak, and the troubled. Pediatrics, 112, 12311237.
  • Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. (2008). Extending the school grounds?—Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78, 496505.
  • Katzer, C., Fetchenhauer, D., & Belschak, F. (2009). Cyberbullying: Who are the victims? A comparison of victimization in internet chatrooms and victimization in school. Journal of Media Psychology: Theories, Methods, and Applications, 21, 2536
  • Laible, D., Carlo, G., & Raffaelli, M. (2000). The differential relations of parent and peer attachment to adolescent adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 4559.
  • Langdon, S., & Preble, W. (2008). The relationship between levels of perceived respect and bullying in fifth through 12th graders. Adolescence, 43, 485503.
  • Latane, B., & Darley, J. M. (1970). The unresponsive bystander: Why doesn't he help? New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  • Leary, M., Twenge, J., & Quinlivan, E. (2006). Interpersonal rejection as a determinant of anger and aggression. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 10, 111132.
  • Li, Q. (2006). Cyberbullying in schools: A research of gender differences. School Psychology International, 27, 157170.
  • Li, Q. (2007). New bottle but old wine: A research of cyberbullying in schools. Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 17771791.
  • Lim, S., & Ang, R. (2009). Relationship between boys’ normative beliefs about aggression and their physical, verbal, and indirect aggressive behaviors. Adolescence, 44, 635650.
  • Marini, Z., Dane, A., & Bosacki, S. (2006). Direct and indirect bully-victims: Differential psychosocial risk factors associated with adolescents involved in bullying and victimization. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 551569.
  • Mason, K. L. (2008). Cyberbullying: A preliminary assessment for school personnel. Psychology in the Schools, 45, 323348.
  • Mathes, E., & Guest, T. (1976). Anonymity and group antisocial behavior. Journal of Social Psychology, 100, 257.
  • Menesini, E., Modena, M., & Tani, F. (2009). Bullying and victimization in adolescence: Concurrent and stable roles and psychological health symptoms. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 170, 115134.
  • Merrell, K. W., Gueldner, B. A., Ross, S. W., & Isava, D. M. (2008). How effective are school bullying intervention programs? A meta-analysis of intervention research. School Psychology Quarterly, 23, 2642.
  • Mesch, G. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 387393.
  • Mynard, H., & Joseph, S. (1997). Bully/victim problems and their association with Eysenck's personality dimensions in 8 to 13 year-olds. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 67, 5154.
  • Nickerson, A., & Nagle, R. (2005). Parent and peer attachment in late childhood and early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence, 25, 223249.
  • Nogami, T., & Takai, J. (2008). Effects of anonymity on antisocial behavior committed by individuals. Psychological Reports, 102, 119130.
  • O'Brennan, L., Bradshaw, C., & Sawyer, A. (2009). Examining developmental differences in the social-emotional problems among frequent bullies, victims, and bully/victims. Psychology in the Schools, 46, 100115.
  • Ortega, R., Calmaestra, J., & Merchán, J. (2008). Cyberbullying. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 8, 183192.
  • Perren, S., & Alsaker, F. (2006). Social behavior and peer relationships of victims, bully-victims, and bullies in kindergarten. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 47, 4557.
  • Salmivalli, C. (2010). Bullying and the peer group: A review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15, 112120.
  • Salmivalli, C., Kaukiainen, A., & Voeten, M. (2005). Anti-bullying intervention: Implementation and outcome. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 75, 465487.
  • Smith, J., Twemlow, S., & Hoover, D. (1999). Bullies, victims and bystanders: A method of in-school intervention and possible parental contributions. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 30, 2937.
  • Smith, P., Cowie, H., Olafsson, R., & Liefooghe, A. (2002). Definitions of bullying: A comparison of terms used, and age and gender differences, in a fourteen-country international comparison. Child Development, 73, 11191133.
  • Smith, P., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 49, 376385.
  • Solberg, M., Olweus, D., & Endresen, I. (2007). Bullies and victims at school: Are they the same pupils? British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 441464.
  • Solomon, L., Solomon, H., & Maiorca, J. (1982). The effects of bystander's anonymity, situational ambiguity, and victim's status on helping. Journal of Social Psychology, 117, 285.
  • Spriggs, A., Iannotti, R., Nansel, T., & Haynie, D. (2007). Adolescent bullying involvement and perceived family, peer and school relations: Commonalities and differences across race/ethnicity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 283293.
  • Sukkyung, Y., Furlong, M., Felix, E., Sharkey, J., Tanigawa, D., & Green, J. (2008). Relations among school connectedness, hope, life satisfaction, and bully victimization. Psychology in the Schools, 45, 446460.
  • Vandebosch, H., & Van Cleemput, K. (2008). Defining cyberbullying: A qualitative research into the perceptions of youngsters. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 499503.
  • Veenstra, R., Lindenberg, S., Oldehinkel, A., De Winter, A., Verhulst, F., & Ormel, J. (2005). Bullying and victimization in elementary schools: A comparison of bullies, victims, bully/victims, and uninvolved preadolescents. Developmental Psychology, 41, 672682.
  • Vernberg, E., & Jacobs, A. (1999). Peer victimization and attitudes about violence during early adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 386.
  • Wade, A., & Beran, T. (2011). Cyberbullying: The new era of bullying. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26, 4461.
  • Wang, J., Iannotti, R., & Nansel, T. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: Physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, 368375.
  • Willard, N. (2005). Educator's guide to cyberbullying and cyberthreats. Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use. Retrieved from http://cyberbully.org/docs/cbcteducator.pdf
  • Wong, S. (1999). Acculturation, peer relations, and delinquent behavior of Chinese-Canadian youth. Adolescence, 34, 107.
  • Zelli, A., Dodge, K., Lochman, J., Laird, R., & Group, C. (1999). The distinction between beliefs legitimizing aggression and deviant processing of social cues: Testing measurement validity and the hypothesis that biased processing mediates the effects of beliefs on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 150166.